had a serious addiction to cigar that resulted to oral cancer.
For a number of years, Freud struggled with addiction to cigar. He
was a heavy smoker, and this was the primary contributor of his
battle with a serious illness. During his final years, he was
diagnosed with oral cancer, which had gone to the point that it was
no longer operable. After constant excruciating pains brought about
by this disease, Freud requested his doctor to give him fatal doses
of morphine to end his struggle. Three separate doses of this drug
was administered on Freud, which resulted to his death on September
Freud's books were burned during the Nazi occupation in Austria.
During the invasion of the Nazis in Austria, books written by
famous thinkers including the ones by Freud were burned. He also
poked fun on this scenario by telling his friend that if they lived
in the Middle Ages, he would have been burned at stake instead of
his books. In addition, the Gestapo interrogated both him and his
daughter when their friend Marie Bonaparte decided to secure
passage to England. This occurred prior to Marie's success in
getting a chance to go to England from Austria. Although Marie
tried to do her best in rescuing Freud's 4 sisters, she was not
successful in doing so. Thus, they all died while held captive in
Nazi concentration camps.
decided to become a doctor for practical reasons.
Freud became engaged to Martha Bernays when he was 26 years old.
However, he was struggling financially during that time since his
job at a science lab did not suffice in supporting his family. As a
result, he decided to abandon his career as a scientist and pursued
a job as a medical doctor. He sacrificed the painful experience of
being apart from Martha temporarily, so he could obtain
professional training in medicine that equipped him with
credentials to become a doctor.
was addicted to cocaine.
Earlier in the 20th century, cocaine's harmful effects were still
undiscovered. In fact, it was used as a euphoric and analgesic, and
it was often found in throat lozenges and soda pop. Freud was
particularly interested in cocaine's ability to ease depression,
and he even advocated the use of this drug for numerous purposes.
Unfortunately, his career as a doctor suffered after cocaine's
harmful effects and addictive properties were revealed.
considered himself as the favorite child of his mother.
Freud's mother fondly called him "golden Siggie", which made him
feel his mother's greater love for him, as compared to to the
affection his siblings got. According to him, this special favor he
received from his mother gave rise to his optimism and
the last 16 years of Freud's life, he had 33 more surgeries due to
Freud thought of cigar smoking as a habit that enhanced his
creative skills. Unfortunately, this resulted to the formation of a
cancerous tumor in his mouth, which required a removal of a huge
portion of his jaw. There were also 33 additional surgeries that
took place during Freud's final years, yet he never stopped
wrote a scholarly paper on the benefits of cocaine.
In 1884, Freud published "On Coca", which was a paper that talked
about the therapeutic effects of cocaine. His future wife and
several friends also received doses of cocaine from him because he
believed in the drug's ability to improve digestion and mood.
A patient gave him a couch as a present.
Madame Benvenisti, one of Freud's patients, sent the psychoanalyst
a couch as a way of expressing her gratitude. This couch featured a
Persian throw rug where patients lie down while under hypnosis and
in a trance state.
studied the sexual organs of eels.
When Freud was at the University of Vienna, he had to take up
zoology as a part of his course. He dissected eels to find the
gonads of the males, but his efforts were to no avail. This part of
the research study was during his trip to Trieste.
written work, "The Interpretation of Dreams" was hardly a success
during the initial publication.
Although Freud thought of his written work as quite significant, a
total of 351 copies were sold within the first 6 years. It was
first published in 1899, and its second edition was only released
Freud's death may have been a physician-assisted suicide.
By the summer of 1939, Freud was frail and suffering intense pain
from terminal, inoperable mouth cancer. On September 21, 1939,
Freud grasped the hand of his friend and doctor, Max Schur, and
reminded him of his earlier pledge not to "torment me
unnecessarily." He added, "Now it is nothing but torture and makes
no sense." After receiving the permission of Freud's daughter,
Anna, Schur injected the first of three heavy morphine doses. Freud
slipped into a coma and never awoke.